Wednesday, November 5, 2014

Campfire song and story time

Campfire Songs and Stories

Beautiful fall weather has descended upon central Texas and the Wells Branch Homestead.  The cooler weather brought back memories of campfires and fellowship.  At sundown on Saturday, October 25, 2014 Friends of the Homestead seized the moment and came together around the fire pit to enjoy traditional southern songs accompanied with three guitar players -Jackie Watkins, Stella Brittnacher and Rick Carlin.  Everyone joined the guitar music with instruments from the 1800 century including Josephina and Don Gibbs, Patrick Carlin, Brian Almon on washboards, moraccas, Indian drum, tambourine, and bones. 

Jackie Watkins tuning her guitar before sundown.

            Do you remember limericks?  A limerick is a five-­line poem written with one couplet and one triplet. If a couplet is a two-­line rhymed poem, then a triplet would be a three-­line rhymed poem. The rhyme pattern is a a b b a with lines 1, 2 and 5 containing eight syllables and rhyming, and lines 3 and 4 having six syllables and rhyming. Some people say that the limerick was invented by soldiers returning from France to the Irish town of Limerick in the 1700's. Limericks are meant to be funny. They often contain hyperbole, onomatopoeia, idioms, puns, and other figurative devices. The last line of a good limerick contains the PUNCH
LINE or "heart of the joke."

Jim Brittnacher joined in the fun with his rendition of The Flea, the Fly and the Flue

A flea and a fly in a flue
Were caught, so what could they do?
Said the fly, "Let us flee."
"Let us fly," said the flea. So they flew through a flaw in the flu

                       Virginia Almon told the wonderful story, The Apple Cake,  followed with a taste of her homemade apple cake and lemonade treat which closed out the entertainment.

More campfire song and story time will be planned.  Look for the schedule here or in the Wells Branch newsletters.

Sunday, March 2, 2014

The Texas Declaration of Independence, signed on a cold day, March 2, 1836

The people of Texas, under the rule of the Mexican government and before March 1, 1836, were in a position very similar to that in which the American colonists were before they severed their allegiance to the British crown. The colonies of Texas, up to this time, had recognized the supremacy of Mexican constitutional rule, but even Stephen F. Austin, the colonist most loyal to the Mexican government in Texas, declared in November, 1835, that Texas had "legal and equitable and just grounds to declare independence."  Even when the consultation met at San Felipe in November, 1835, and the first expression of opposition to Mexican rule was openly voiced, a proposition to declare independence was voted down, but a provisional state government was organized and a governor, lieutenant governor and legislative council were elected. The general council was given power to call a convention with plenary powers, and such a convention was called to be held at Old Washington on March 1, 1836.When Santa Anna and the other military chieftains overthrew the federal Constitution of Mexico and dissolved the social compact which existed between Texas and other members of the Mexican Confederacy, the Texans declared that they were no longer morally or politically bound by the compact of union.

On the second day of the convention which gave us us our Texas Declaration of Independence, March 2, 1836, Robert Potter introduced a resolution providing for the appointment of a committee, consisting of one member from each municipality represented, to prepare a Constitution for the Republic of Texas, and this resolution was adopted.

Perhaps we may get a picture of the historical setting and conditions under which the legislators worked. The town of Washington on the Brazos was a typical frontier village with a population numbering about one hundred. There was no printing press, and the accessible library consisted of books brought in by the delegation. The house in which the delegates assembled was wooden and unfurnished. The window coverings were made of cloth instead of glass, and on the day the convention assembled the thermometer stood at thirty-three. "A long table extended from near the front door to near the rear wall, and was equidistant from the side walls. On this table the public documents were laid, and the delegates were seated around it, the presiding officer sitting at the end and the secretary nearest him on his left. There was no bar around this table to prevent intrusion upon their deliberations...Spectators entered the chamber at will, but they walked gently so as not to annoy the delegates." from DEMOCRACY In ACTION by Paine L. Bush
The Texas Declaration of Independence, signed MARCH 2, 1836, stated:

"When a government has ceased to protect the lives, liberty, and property of the people, from whom its legitimate powers are derived...

and so far from being a guarantee for their inestimable and inalienable rights, becomes an instrument in the hands of evil rulers for their oppression....

In such a crisis...the inherent and inalienable right of the people to... take their political affairs into their own hands... enjoins it as.... a sacred obligation to their posterity to abolish such government,

and create another in its stead, calculated to rescue them from impending dangers, and to secure their welfare and happiness....

The late changes made in the government by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, who having overturned the constitution of his country...

denies us the right of worshiping the Almighty according to the dictates of our own conscience...

It has demanded us to deliver up our arms, which are essential to our defense, the rightful property of freemen, and formidable only to tyrannical governments...

It has, through its emissaries, incited the merciless savage, with the tomahawk and scalping knife, to massacre the inhabitants of our defenseless frontiers.

It hath...exhibited every characteristic of a...corrupt, and tyrannical government...

We fearlessly and confidently commit the issue to the decision of the Supreme Arbiter of the destinies of nations."

America's God and Counry Encyclopedia of Quotations

Wednesday, January 22, 2014

LEARN The Secret Language of the Fan with 23 gestures


In December of 2013, a dear friend Ann Clark passed away.  Ann and her husband L.E. hosted a Wednesday night card party each week with friends.  The hospitality was wonderful and the buffet marvelous.  When Ann passed away in December, the Clark family donated a fan quilt which Ann quilted to me for use at the Homestead, which will be used at the Pioneer Festival and for middle-school girls on Homestead tours.  Below, is a little history of this special language with 23 gestures... from the blog of suzannelazear.


Ann Clark's Fan Quilt

Today we welcome Victorian costume expert Karlee Etter who’s going to tell us how during the Victorian era fans were used for far more than keeping the bearer cool.
The Secret Language of the Fan
by Karlee Etter
For much of the nineteenth century and well into the early decades of the twentieth, women were expected to conduct themselves in an even-tempered manner. A woman’s deportment or behavior, especially in public was expected to be gracious, courteous, and respectable.  Any demonstration of the contrary was frowned upon not only by parents and potential suitors, but from contemporaries, as well. Vocally rejecting a suitor was deplorable, even if a woman believed him to be unacceptable. Likewise flirting with a desirable suitor was equally appalling. So, while in attendance at a Ball or other social gathering, what was a woman do to when faced with numerous men, all vying for her attention; how was she to express or communicate her “choice” or “choices” without violating those stifling rules of etiquette?  With visual clues, of course; although simply using facial expression was often too subtle.  Therefore, the secret language of the hand-fan might be employed to clarify a woman’s acceptance or rejection of potential suitors.
However, if the language of the fan was a secret, how did young women learn the various silent gestures of the fan?  If such a language really did exist and some historians will argue that it did not, others believe the language of the fan was passed down from woman to woman. Each gesture of the hand holding a fan contained a powerful hidden meaning.
If a young woman was unavailable, she might gesture in the following manner:  Fanning slowly meant, “I am married”, or, fanning quickly, “I am engaged.” Twirling her fan in the right hand meant, “I love another.”  Or, if the young man was of interest as a friend rather than a suitor, she might drop the fan, which communicated, “We will be friends.”  Then, by placing the fan behind with a finger extended meant, “Goodbye.”

Now, let’s imagine a young woman is available (not spoken for); she might begin her secret discussion with a new acquaintance and appropriate suitor in the following manner:

1)       If she holds the fan in her left hand in front of her face, “I am desirous of your acquaintance.”
2)       By touching her finger to the tip of the fan she would be gesturing, “I wish to speak to you.” Or carrying the fan in her left hand, indicates, “Come and talk to me”.
3)       Responding to a cue from her suitor, she might continue with, “Yes” by letting the fan rest on her right cheek.
4)       Or if she rests the fan against her left cheek, she is saying, “No”.
5)       A closed fan touching her right eye, “When may I be allowed to see you?” Or, a partially open fan showing the number of fan-sticks indicated the hour at which she agreed to meet her suitor.
6)       Opening the fan wide, “Wait for me.”
7)       Placing the fan behind the head, “Do not forget me.”
8)       Fan in her right hand in front of her face, “Follow me.”
9)       Of course, using the silent language of the fan didn’t always mean the two sweethearts were succeeding in their covert communication – there was always the risk that some busy-body would spy the young couple’s interaction.  With that, the young woman might twirl her fan in the left hand, which meant, “We are being watched.”
10)   Covering the left ear with an open fan, “Do not betray our secret.”
Once the couple had an established relationship, there were still rules of etiquette and spoken phrases of love that were never to be expressed aloud, unless in the privacy of one another’s company. Rarely would an unengaged couple be alone, especially within a strict New England community. So, even in such a setting, the secret language of the fan was useful – especially if the young couple was chaperoned by old, Puritanical, spinster, Aunt Bitty. Then their “secret” communication might unfold in the following manner:
11)   Drawing the fan across the eyes, “I am sorry.”
12)   Hands clasped together holding an open fan, “Forgive me.”
13)   The fan placed near the heart, “You have won my love.”
14)   Presenting the fan shut, “Do you love me?”
15)   Drawing the fan across her cheek or hiding her eyes behind an open fan, “I love you!”
16)   Half-opened fan pressed against her lips or putting the fan handle to her lips, “Kiss me” or “You may kiss me.”
17)   Shutting a fully opened fan slowly, “I promise to marry you.”
Not every form of communication with the fan was intended to encourage or continue a relationship.  The fan’s secret language might also be used to discourage or kindly reject a potential suitor, or communicate the absolute offensive nature of a young man toward a young woman.
18)   Drawing the fan across the forehead, “You have changed.”
19)   Carrying the open fan in the right hand, “You are too willing.”
20)   Fan held over left ear, “I wish to get rid of you.”
21)   Threatening movements with a closed fan “Don’t be so imprudent.”
22)   Opening and closing fan several times, “You are cruel.”
23)   Drawing the fan through her hand, “I hate you!”
Whatever the historians say, I trust that the nineteenth century language of the fan was a form of communication fundamental to the romance of America’s Victorian Era.  Not only did it afford a bond between generations of women, but it also offered a form of communication enabling young women an outlet to express sincere feelings towards suitors in an acceptable manner and within the confines of the Victorian Era’s oppressive etiquette.


Tuesday, January 14, 2014

Babies and more

BABIES and MORE...  What country do babies like best?   (Lapland)

Nathaniel Joseph Almon and Dad Barry
The Christmas decorations are down at the Homestead and I'm reflecting on Baby Jesus, newborns, large frontier families and my new grandson, Nathaniel Joseph, born December 16, 2013.

Twenty-Nine years ago, when we had our youngest child Kathleen as a newborn, I was teaching a midwife named Martha and her husband about natural family planning (NFP.)  My husband Brian and I learned NFP after the birth of our first son.    Knowledge of the body is a very healthy and fun way to manage human fertility. Men can learn when to become a father and how to cooperate with the woman to avoid a pregnancy too.  I  enjoyed it so much that I became a NFP teacher. I expect that a frontier couple with the knowledge they had of the fertility of the land (fall, winter, spring and summer) and the estrous cycle of farm animals, they new about their couple fertility without the use of a fancy NFP chart.

Martha and her husband wanted to conceive a baby, but her luteal phase (day after Peak Day until day before next menstrual period) was too short at seven days for a healthy conception.  She began to drink a special tea and lo and behold her luteal phase lengthened to ten days and they successfully achieved a pregnancy.  
CrMS Chart
Natural Family Planning Chart
During this time Martha taught me how to set the clock for Kathleen to begin sleeping through the night. The time we usually went to bed to sleep end of day around 9:30 p.m. was to be Kathleen's last feeding in total darkness.  The breastfeeding time before the last was to be in a dark room with only a closet light on or hall light.  The breastfeeding time before that was to be in natural daylight.  So, when Kathleen's weight got stable at seven days old at around 10 lbs., we began the process.  If Kathleen woke up after her last feeding, we were to change her diaper, offer her sips of water, burp and kiss her and put her down.  If she cried, we could of course comfort her - but no nursing.  The first night was a bit rough, but the second night, she slept through until 4:30 a.m.  I was surprised and rested and got up to nurse her. The third night was great, as she didn't wake up until 6:30 a.m. So at eleven days old, Kathleen started sleeping through the night.  Life is good!  The bedtime rhythm became pretty regular after that for all the kids with story, prayers, singing, kisses and good night.

With no indoor plumbing or electricity, frontier families retired around sunset.  Candles were hard to make and only used when absolutely necessary. The fireplace light was pretty dim. I imagine that large frontier families had a bedtime experience of also using a chamber pot and bed warmer at bedtime. When the bed warmer was full of hot coals, Dad or Mom would swish quickly over the bed sheets and kids would jump under them. The kids might also warm their pajamas with a hot sad iron before putting pajamas on.  Hot water bottle or hot brick could be placed under covers to keep the chill away for a little while too.

 Vintage Bed Warmer and Chamber Pot

Then of course, five or more kids in one bed under a buffalo skin and homemade quilts accounted for great body heat.      



L.E. Clark has donated his wife Ann's quilting supplies and some material to the Homestead over the holidays.  Thank you very much!